A root canal saves a tooth that has been badly injured, cracked, or decayed. With today’s dental technology this is a fast and pain-free procedure.
A root canal may be needed if the decay has reached the tooth's nerve. Essentially, a root canal involves cleaning out a tooth's infected root, then filling and sealing the canal.
- An opening is made through the crown of the tooth into the pulp chamber.
- The pulp is removed, and the root canals are cleaned, enlarged and shaped.
- The infected area is medicated.
- The root canals are filled.
- The crown opening is filled with a temporary.
Why a Root Canal?
A cavity that has been left untreated can become larger. Once the cavity reaches the pulp of the tooth, an infection forms at the base of the root canal, causing an abscess. This abscess is generally painful and will need to be removed.
Post and Crown
When there is not enough tooth structure remaining after trauma, decay or a root canal procedure, a post and crown will be utilized to restore the tooth to full form and function. A crown buildup is either composed of a bonded composite material or possibly an amalgam material. If a crown is placed on an unstable tooth foundation, there is a higher risk of having that crown fail. When the tooth has lost significant structure, a buildup is necessary in order to provide proper support of the new crown and to bring the tooth back to full function.am material. If a crown is placed on an unstable tooth foundation, you will have a higher risk of having that crown fail. When the tooth has lost significant structure, then a buildup is necessary in order to provide proper support of the new crown and to bring the tooth back to full function.
Sometimes the infection persists even after root canal therapy. In these cases, an apicoectomy, or root end resection can be performed to remove diseased tissue.
- An incision is made to allow access to the base of the tooth. The inflamed or infected pulp is treated and the canals are carefully cleaned and shaped.
- A small filling may be placed in the remaining tip of the tooth to seal the root canal. The gum tissue is stitched back into place.
- A crown is placed to protect the tooth.
Apexogenesis can save an injured tooth by encouraging continued root development while the pulp heals. By covering the soft tissue with medication to support growth, the tooth will continue to mature naturally as the apex closes and root canal walls thicken. This proccess will enable the tip of the root (apex) to continue to close as the child gets older. If the pulp heals, no additional treatment will be necessary. The more mature the root becomes, the better the chance for the survival of the tooth.
This is an endodontic method of inducing a calcified barrier at the apex of a nonvital tooth with incomplete root formation. Because children’s permanent teeth are still developing, the tip of the root, or apex, is still open and the root canal walls are thin. With apexification, we encourage a calcified barrier to form over the open apex of the immature tooth. By removing unhealthy pulp and placing medication into the root, hard tissue forms near the root tip and acts a barrier for the root canal filling.
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